I studied at the Universities of Saskatchewan, Toronto, Jordan, and Oxford before taking my doctorate at Princeton. My current research examines categories used to describe Middle Eastern societies.
My first book, Identifying with Nationality: Europeans, Ottomans, and Egyptians, traces the emergence of nationality as a social and legal category in Alexandria (Egypt) between 1880 and 1914. My aim is to understand how and when ordinary people began to identify themselves as Egyptians, Ottomans, foreigners, and the like. This research is based on documents produced by the city's police and its European consular courts. I teach courses on Egypt, the Middle East, and legal history.
- “What Ottoman nationality was and was not,” Journal of Ottoman and Turkish Studies Association 3.2 (2016): 277-98.
- “International Lawyers without Public International Law: The Case of Late Ottoman Egypt,” Journal of the History of International Law 18.1 (2016): 98-119.
- “Papers for Going, Papers for Staying: Identification and Subject Formation in the Eastern Mediterranean,” in Liat Kozma, Avner Wishnitzer, and Cyrus Schayegh, eds., A Global Middle East: Mobility, Materiality and Culture in the Modern Age, 1880-1940 (I.B. Taurus, 2014), 177-200.
- “Statelessness in the History of International Law,” European Journal of International Law 25.1 (2014), 321-327.
- “When did Egyptians stop being Ottomans? An Imperial Citizenship Case Study,” in Willem Maas, ed. Multilevel Citizenship (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013), 89-109.
- “Cosmopolitan Cursing in Late Nineteenth Century Alexandria,” in Derryl MacLean and Sikeena Karmali Ahmed, eds., Cosmopolitanisms in Muslim Contexts: Perspectives from the Past, “Exploring Muslim Contexts” series (Edinburgh University Press, 2012), 92-104.
- More at academia.edu.
- I am developing a digital humanities tool called Prosop, for which I received an NEH Digital Humanities Start-Up Grant in 2011.
- I am an administrator of the American Historical Association's ArchivesWiki.
- I am associate editor (book reviews, non-Americas) of the Law and History Review.
- I was previously a fellow of the Rechtskulturen program (2012-13) and the Hurst Summer Institute in Legal History (2011).
In fall 2016, I am teaching
- ASH 1044: Middle Eastern History and Civilization, an online introductory undergraduate survey with discussion sections
- IFS 2116: Digital Microhistory Lab: Alexandria in 1905, a methods class in digital history
ASH 4223: A Legal History of the Modern Middle East
Past semesters: Schedule and Readings